Dot Product Calculator

Vector 1:

X: Y: Z:

Vector 2:

X: Y: Z:


About Dot Product Calculator (Formula)

A Dot Product Calculator is a tool used to calculate the dot product of two vectors. The dot product, also known as the scalar product, is a mathematical operation that takes two vectors and produces a scalar value. It is used in various fields, including mathematics, physics, engineering, and computer graphics, to determine the relationship between vectors, angles, and projections.

The formula for calculating the dot product of two vectors A and B is:

Dot Product (A · B) = A₁ * B₁ + A₂ * B₂ + … + Aₙ * Bₙ


  • Dot Product (A · B) is the result of the dot product operation, which is a scalar value.
  • A₁, A₂, …, Aₙ are the components of vector A.
  • B₁, B₂, …, Bₙ are the components of vector B.
  • n represents the number of dimensions of the vectors (usually 2D or 3D).

To use the Dot Product Calculator formula, follow these steps:

  1. Identify the components of vector A and vector B.
  2. Multiply the corresponding components of both vectors and sum up the results.
  3. Plug the values of the vector components into the formula: Dot Product (A · B) = A₁ * B₁ + A₂ * B₂ + … + Aₙ * Bₙ.
  4. Calculate the dot product value. The result is a scalar value that represents the dot product of the two vectors.

The dot product has various applications. In physics, it’s used to calculate work done by a force, angle between vectors, and projections. In computer graphics, it’s used to calculate lighting effects and shading. In engineering, it’s used in mechanics and signal processing.

A key property of the dot product is that it’s commutative, meaning A · B = B · A. Additionally, the dot product is related to the cosine of the angle between the vectors, which can be used to find the angle between them.

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