The stopping potential is a crucial concept in physics, particularly in experiments involving charged particles. It refers to the minimum electric potential that must be applied to stop charged particles in motion, considering their kinetic energy and charge.

## Formula

The stopping potential (VsV_sVs) can be calculated using the formula:

Vs=KeqV_s = \frac{K_e}{q}Vs=qKe

where:

- VsV_sVs is the stopping potential (Volts)
- KeK_eKe is the kinetic energy of the charged particle (electron volts, eV)
- qqq is the charge of the particle (Coulombs)

## How to Use

To use the Stopping Potential Calculator:

- Enter the kinetic energy of the charged particle in electron volts (eV).
- Enter the charge of the particle in Coulombs.
- Click the “Calculate” button.
- The stopping potential required to stop the particle will be displayed in volts.

## Example

For example, if a charged particle has a kinetic energy of 100 eV and a charge of 1.6 × 10^-19 Coulombs, using the calculator:

- Enter 100 in the kinetic energy field.
- Enter 1.6E-19 in the charge field (scientific notation can be used).
- Click “Calculate.”
- The stopping potential required would be approximately 625 volts.

## FAQs

**What is stopping potential in physics?**- Stopping potential is the minimum electric potential required to stop charged particles, balancing their kinetic energy and charge.

**How is stopping potential related to kinetic energy?**- Stopping potential is directly proportional to the kinetic energy of the charged particle. Higher kinetic energy requires a higher stopping potential.

**What are the units of stopping potential?**- Stopping potential is measured in volts (V), the unit of electric potential.

**Can the Stopping Potential Calculator be used for ions?**- Yes, the calculator can be used for any charged particle, considering its kinetic energy and charge.

**Why is stopping potential important in experiments?**- It helps researchers understand the energy states of charged particles and is essential in experiments involving particle acceleration and detection.

**Is stopping potential the same as potential difference?**- Stopping potential specifically refers to the potential needed to stop charged particles, whereas potential difference can refer to any voltage difference between two points.

**Does the charge in the calculator accept scientific notation?**- Yes, you can enter charge values using scientific notation for convenience.

**What factors can affect the accuracy of stopping potential calculations?**- Factors such as experimental conditions, particle interactions, and external fields can influence the accuracy of stopping potential measurements.

**How can stopping potential be experimentally determined?**- Experimentally, stopping potential can be found by varying the potential until no current flows through a detector, indicating the particles have been stopped.

**Can stopping potential be negative?**- Yes, stopping potential can be negative if the direction of the applied potential opposes the motion of the charged particles.

## Conclusion

The Stopping Potential Calculator simplifies the calculation of the electric potential required to stop charged particles based on their kinetic energy and charge. This tool is valuable in physics research, enabling precise determination of experimental parameters and enhancing understanding of particle behavior in electromagnetic fields.