Hill Grade Calculator


About Hill Grade Calculator (Formula)

A Hill Grade Calculator is a tool used in civil engineering, road design, and outdoor activities to calculate the steepness or gradient of a hill or slope. This calculation is important for assessing the difficulty of traversing a slope, designing roadways, and planning recreational activities. The formula used to calculate hill grade involves the rise (vertical change) and run (horizontal distance) of the slope.

The formula for calculating Hill Grade (G) as a percentage or ratio using the rise (R) and run (D) is:

Hill Grade (G) = (Rise / Run) × 100

Or in ratio form:

Hill Grade (G) = Rise : Run


  • Hill Grade (G) is the steepness or gradient of the hill, expressed as a percentage or ratio.
  • Rise (R) is the vertical change in elevation along the slope.
  • Run (D) is the horizontal distance along the slope.

Using the Hill Grade Calculator involves these steps:

  1. Input: Enter the rise and run values into the calculator.
  2. Calculation: The calculator applies the formula to calculate the hill grade.
  3. Output: The calculator displays the calculated hill grade as a percentage or ratio.

This tool is particularly useful for civil engineers, road designers, hikers, cyclists, and outdoor enthusiasts who need to assess the steepness of slopes for various purposes.

For example, if a hill has a rise of 100 feet and a run of 500 feet, the Hill Grade Calculator will provide you with the calculated hill grade, which could be expressed as a percentage (20%) or a ratio (1:5).

In civil engineering, road construction, and outdoor activities, understanding hill grades is crucial for safety, design, and planning purposes.

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